Transitioning from Kindergarten to 1st grade

Principal Stephanie Lukas led a brief meeting on what to expect as your child transitions from Kindergarten to 1st grade.

The notes below were taken by a parent representative.

Class Size

Kindergarten class sizes cap at 25 students, however the DOE cap is 32. In 1st and 2nd grades, P.S. 40’s administration tries not to have as many as 32 students. At the same time, they can’t turn students away when there are less than 32 in a classroom.

Teacher Assistants

To help with class size, teacher assistants are hired, thanks to PTA/parents, and each teacher vets his/her own assistant.


Teachers continually assess students to gage how they are progressing. Once assessed, small group instruction (typically groups of six) is tailored to meet students’ specific needs. Hands-on learning stations with varying teaching points is another technique used support differentiated instruction in literacy, math and social studies.


Reading intervention happens every day in classrooms through guided instruction. We also draw on retired teachers like Mary Nicholas, who currently provides individual support to readers who have yet to make the jump to the next level.

Arrival and Dismissal

A major goal of 1st grade emphasizes independence. The children arrive in the cafeteria, come right to their assigned tables and head up to their classrooms with their teachers. A great way to support this change is to always be on time. Arriving even a few minutes late puts a child behind for walking up to the classroom with his/her class, unpacking, turning in homework, etc., and makes for a difficult transition.

Passes will be issued again, for morning and afternoon access to the cafeteria. Note: 1st grade tables are located closer to the back of the cafeteria.